Nemipterus peronii   (Valenciennes,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Nemipteridae

Description
Size: 15-26.5 cm.

Color: Several faint yellow lines along flanks. A reddish-brown spot at origin of lateral line; in fresh specimens 8 to 9 indistinct dark, saddle-like blotches along back. Dorsal fin translucent or yellow-tinged, its margin red, with a very narrow yellow-orange stripe immediately below; pelvic fins white, their base and axillary scales yellow; anal fin milky white, usually translucent or partly pale yellow, particularly in the form of a medium band; caudal fin rosy, its lower margin whitish, tip of upper lobe rosy or yellowish, fork margin red.

Profile of head convex. The height of the head, measured in vertical through hind border of preoperculum, equal to length of head without operculum, or slightly less in small and slightly more in large specimens. Height 3.2-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 3.2-3.3, 4-4.2 in length with caudal. Eye 3.1-3.7, 1.2-1.7 in snout, and equal to or slightly more than convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to a vertical between nostrils and eye or to below front border of eye. Jaws equal. Narrow bands of small pointed teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of about 14 crowded teeth on both sides and 6 canines in each jaw in front. Posterior angle of suborbital very obtuse, the hind border very oblique, forming a more or less straight line, which when produced, reaches the anterior part of the dorsal fin. Greatest depth of suborbital more or less than horizontal diameter of eye, almost half of the vertical diameter of eye. Naked limb of preoperculum as deep as or slightly narrower than the scaly part. Hind border of preoperculum smooth or very slightly crenulate. Scales beginning on head before hind border of eye with an ill-defined temporal band of 4 rows of scales. Dorsal spines slender, flexible but pungent. The first spine about three fourths of second. Second to fourth of equal length, slightly shorter than fifth to eighth, which are equal to post orbital part of head, ninth and tenth slightly shorter. Dorsal membrane between the spines slightly emarginate. Soft dorsal slightly lower than spinous part, somewhat pointed posteriorly. Anal spines slender. The first about half as long as the second, third longest, equal to diameter of eye or somewhat shorter. Soft anal rays somewhat longer than third spine. Inferior border of anal somewhat rounded, pointed posteriorly. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head or somewhat longer. Ventrals slightly shorter. Caudal deeply forked. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.7 to almost twice in its length.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Nemipterus tolu (Valenciennes, 1830)
Dentex peronii Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Synagris furcosus Gunther, 1859
Dentex hypselognathus Bleeker, 1877
Synagris furcosus Macleary, 1881
Nemipterus robustus Ogilby, 1916
Synagris hypselognathus M. Weber, 1913
Nemipterus hypselognathus Herre, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Notchedfin Threadfin Bream (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Sandy, Muddy
Prey:  Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and polychaetes

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santos, EEM and Ng, CS (1993) Evidence for genetic variation in the sarcoplasmic protein of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes) Asian Fisheries Science 6 (3) 265-270 Available at - Zoological Records
  • AbdulSalam, J; Sreelatha, BS and Farah, M (1990) Surface topography and description of a larval didymozoid (Trematoda, Didymozoidae) from the threadfin bream Nemipterus peronii Japanese Journal of Parasitology 39(4) 369-375 Available at - Zoological records
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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