Nemipterus nematophorus   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 20-25 cm.

Color: Head without yellow bands or streaks; 4 longitudinal yellow lines along flanks below lateral line; belly with a yellow stripe on each side of silvery mid line. A yellow spot below origin of lateral line but no dark saddles on back. Filament of dorsal fin bright yellow, rest of fin rosy, with yellow or orange margin; pelvic fins whitish, with 2nd and 3rd rays more or less pink, bases and axillary scales yellow; anal fin milky white, hyaline or pale blue, with a single yellow stripe; caudal fin rosy, with upper tip and filament yellow.

Suborbital spine are absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral and pelvic fins are long, reaching to between level of anus and origin of anal fin. First two dorsal spines are close together, almost fused, forming a very long filament. Upper lobe of caudal fin is produced to form a trailing filament. A line drawn up from the posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile about 2 to 5 scale rows before origin of dorsal fin. Axillary scale present. Height 3.2-3.3, 4.2 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.2, 4-4.1 in length with caudal. Height of head, measured in vertical through hind border of preoperculum, half length of operculum less than length of head. Eye 3-3.4, somewhat more than snout. Inter orbital space somewhat concave, 1.5-1.7 in eye. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching almost to below front border of pupil. Narrow bands of teeth in the jaws, with a lateral outer row in the upper jaw of about 25 larger teeth, and 4 strong curved canines on each side anteriorly. An outer row of 24 larger teeth of equal size in each ramus of the lower jaw, without canines anteriorly. Suborbital low, its depth half vertical diameter of eye, its posterior angle somewhat obtuse, its hind border forming a more or less straight line, which, when produced, reaches dorsal profile 7-9 scales before origin of dorsal. Preoperculum denticulate behind, depth of the naked limb 1.5-2 in that of the scaly part. Scales beginning on head above posterior half of eye. Dorsal spines flexible, not pungent, the first and second the longest, produced into long filament and longer than length of base of dorsal. Soft part of dorsal higher than spinous part, excepting the filaments, and rounded. First anal spine shorter than second, third longest, equal to horizontal diameter of eye. Soft anal slightly rounded below, pointed behind, less deep than soft dorsal. Pectorals almost as long as head. Ventrals somewhat shorter. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed, the upper lobe produced into a filament. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.8 in its length. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Dentex nematophorus Bleeker, 1853
Synagris nematophorus Gunther, 1859
Dentex nematophorus Bleeker, 1877
Synagris nematophorus Fowler, 1933

Common Name (s)
• Double Whip Threadfin Bream (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, dry-smoked, fermented and also fish balls)

Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Sandy, Muddy


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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