Turbo marmoratus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Femorale

Size: 20 cm high.

Color: Uniformly dark green or mottled dark green and brown with cream blotches, operculum white.

Distinctive shell bearing blunt tubercles, especially strong on shoulders.Very large and heavy, spire moderately high, shoulders and basal periphery heavily ribbed, subsutural ramp slightly concave, umbilicus open, bordered by a massive spiral funicle, outer lip thickened and flaring outward where it meets the columellar base to form a broad, flat, spout-like anterior projection, operculum massive, smooth or finely granular.

Synonym (s)
Turbo cochlus Gmelin, 1791
Turbo undulata Roding, 1798
Turbo olearius Linnaeus, 1758
Lunatica marmorata (Linnaeus, 1758)
( Senior Synonym)
Turbo regenfussi Deshayes, 1843
(Junior Synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Great Green Turban (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(This species is common and extensively used for food,shell jewellery,inlay and button making; Ornamental molluscs.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikader, BK (1982) The fauna of India (spiders: Araneae) ZSI, Calcutta 2(part 1-2) 1-536 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chantrapornsyl, S (1995) Green turbo (Turbo marmoratus Linnaeus), an endangered species in Thailand Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication 15 39-40 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1993) Australian marine shells 1 1-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sundaram, KS (1974) Edible gastropods The Commercial molluscs of India, CMFRI Bulletin CMFRI 25 54-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/644/1/ks_sundaram.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK (1996) Marine molluscs and their conservation Marine Biodiversity Conservation And Management CMFRI, Cochin 66-79 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4097/1/Article_6.pdf
  • Rao, KS (1974) Other commercial molluscs The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 141-151 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/654/1/ksrao2.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-05

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