Acanthopagrus bifasciatus   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: Maximum 50 cm; common between 20-35 cm.

Color: Misty silvery in color becoming faintly yellowish above and with dark bands along each row of scales. The head is marked with 2 blackish bars. The first bar passes through the eye to the corner of the mouth and the second wider and longer bar extends from the nape to the lower edge of the opercle. A yellow to yellowish orange band occurs before the eyes. The soft dorsal, pectoral, and caudal fins are yellowish, whereas the pelvic and anal fins are black.

The body is fairly deep and compressed. Head large, its upper profile steeply inclined. There is also a bulge between the eyes. This bulge is absent in juveniles. Eye moderate in size; mouth slightly oblique, the maxilla reaching to below pupil of eye. Four to six slightly compressed canines in front of each jaw; 5 rows of molars in upper jaw and 4 series of molars in lower jaw. Gillrakers 11 or 12 on lower limb of first arch. The fins include a single continuous dorsal fin with 11 spines and 12-15 soft rays, an anal fin with 3 spines and 10-12 soft rays and a forked caudal fin. Scales large, less than 50 in lateral line; a scaly sheath at base of dorsal and anal fins, a long pelvic axillary process.

Protandrous, external fertilization.

Synonym (s)
Sparus bifasciatus Forsskal, 1775
Mylio bifasciatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Chaetodon bifasciatus Forsskal, 1775
Chrysophrys bifasciata Day, 1875

Common Name (s)
• Two Banded Porgy (English)
• Twobar Bream (English)
• Doublebar Bream (English)
• Two Barred Bream (English)
• Twobar Seabream (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Gulf of Oman

Literature Source(s)
  • Daniel, BA; Molur, S and Walker,S (1998) Report of the workshop conservation assessment and management plan for selected invertebrates of southern India Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India 25569 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Samuel, M and Mathews, CP (1987) Growth and mortality of four Acanthopagrus species Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9 159-171 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Brothers, EB and Mathews, CP (1987) Application of otolith microstructural studies to age determination of some commercially valuable fish of the Arabian Gulf Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9 127-157 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • AlSaleh, I and Shinwari, N (2002) Preliminary report on the levels of elements in four fish species from the Arabian Gulf of Saudi Arabia Chemosphere 48(7) 749-755 Available at - ZOOR13800057015
  • AlSaleh, I and AlDoush, I (2002) Mercury content in shrimp and fish species from the gulf coast of Saudi Arabia Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 68(4) 576-583 Available at - ZOOR13800035397
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-26

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