Sparidentex hasta   (Valenciennes,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 35 cm; common to 20 cm.

Color: Silvery, dark grey on back, paler to whitish downward; scales with dark spots forming 10 to 12 dark lines along sides of body, more conspicuous above lateral line; often dark mottlings on sides forming crossbars; a dark, diffuse blotch at origin of lateral line; a small, dark spot on the pectoral fin axils; about 8 radiating lines from eye across cheek; dorsal spines silvery, membrane with a black margin; soft dorsal and caudal fins dark grey, anal and pelvic fins grey, with a yellow tinge; pectoral fins light grey.

Body elongate, compressed, its depth about 2.5 to 3 times in standard length. Head large, slightly shorter than body depth. Head profile almost straight from tip of snout to nape, and regularly convex to origin of dorsal fin; eye moderate, its diameter less than snout length; suborbital depth shallow; posterior nostril oval; mouth large; the maxilla exposed posteriorly, ending at mideye level; at front of each jaw, 6 enlarged, fang-like, conical teeth; gillrakers lanceolate, 9 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin with 11 spines (appearing alternately strong and weak on each side) and 11 or 12 rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 8 or 9 rays; pectoral fins equal to, or longer than, head; caudal fin forked. Scales moderate, 47 to 49 in lateral line; scalation on head not reaching beyond level of vertical eye diameter; preopercle flange naked; soft dorsal and anal fins with a basal scaly sheath.

Protandrous, external fertilization. All populations matured as males during the first or second year.

Synonym (s)
Chrysophrys cuvieri Day, 1875
Acanthopagrus cuvieri (Day, 1875)

Common Name (s)
• Sobaity Seabream (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh)

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Daniel, BA; Molur, S and Walker,S (1998) Report of the workshop conservation assessment and management plan for selected invertebrates of southern India Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India 25569 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-26

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