Cynoglossus dubius   Day,  1873 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Pleuronectiformes
Family:Cynoglossidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: Maximum 50 cm; common to 30 cm

Color: Upper side uniformly brown, lower side whitish.

Body flat and elongate, with dorsal and anal fins joined to caudal fin. Eyes on left side of body, with a small scaly space between them; snout obtusely pointed, rostral hook short, corner of mouth extending below posterior border of lower eye, nearer to gill opening than to tip of snout. Two lateral lines on eyed side and 1 on blind side. Scales cycloid (smooth to touch) on both sides, except along dorsal and anal fins towards posterior side where scales are weakly ctenoid (rough to touch); 17-21 scale rows between 2 lateral lines on eyed side.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Carrot Tonguesole (English)
• Large Tongue Sole (English)
• Tongue Sole (English)
• Gipti (Gujarati)
• Jeebhti (Gujarati)
• Gipti (Marathi)
• Lep (Marathi)
• Shivra (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed mostly fresh)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Bottom-living invertebrates

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Majumdar, N (1984) On a collection of birds from Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh Occasional paper no 65 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 23012 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ansari, ZA; Chatterji, A; Ingole, BS; Sreepada, RA; Rivonkar, CU and Parulekar, AH (1995) Community structure and seasonal variation of an inshore demersal fish community at Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 41 593-610 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00201-9
  • Bijukumar, A (1996) Nematode parasites associated with the flatfishes (order: pleuronectiformes) of the Kerala coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 34-39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-12

Back to Search