Cynoglossus dispar   Day,  1877 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P (FishBase)

Size: Maximum 38 cm; common up to 30 cm

Color: Upper side brownish with somewhat darker irregular blotches, lower side whitish.

Body flat and elongate, with dorsal and anal fins joined to caudal fin. Eyes on left side of body, with a small scaly space between them; snout rounded, rostral hook short, corner of mouth extending below posterior border of lower eye, much nearer to tip of snout than to gill opening. Two lateral lines on eyed side and 2 on blind side. Scales cycloid (smooth to touch) on eyed side, ctenoid (rough) on lateral line; scales on blind side cycloid; 18-20 scales rows between the upper and middle lateral lines on eyed side.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Roughhead Tonguesole (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed mostly fresh and frozen)

Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Majumdar, N (1984) On a collection of birds from Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh Occasional paper no 65 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 23012 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Indian Mackerel, Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuv) Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-04

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