Amphiprion percula   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 8.5-11 cm.

Color: Overall orange with three black-bordered vertical white bands. The fins also orange with black edges.

Height 2-2.3, 2.7-2.9 in length with caudal. Head 3, 3.8-3.9 in length with caudal. Height of head equal to its length. Eye 4.2-4.8, 1.2-1.4 in snout and 1-1.2 in the flat inter orbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching below front border of eye or nearly so. Preorbital, suborbital, interopercle, subopercle, and opercle strongly serrated, preopercle alomst smooth behind, slightly denticulated near its angle. Opercular bones scaly. Preopercular limb naked. Scales on head beginning about one eye diameter behind eye. 13-15 rows of scales before dorsal. First dorsal spine generally somewhat shorter than third, forth and fifth, which are subequal to snout and half diameter of eye together. Following spines rapidly decreasing in size till the seventh, which is slightly longer than eighth spine. Eighth to last spines subequal, as long as eye or somewhat shorter. Soft dorsal rounded, the first ray much longer than last spine, the median rays longest and equal to postorbital part of head or one eye diameter longer. First anal spine about half length of second, which is equal to snout. Soft anal rounded, the post median rays longest, equal to snout and eye. Caudal rounded. Pectorals rounded, slightly shorter than head. Ventrals somewhat shorter. Dorsal count of 9 spines. Dorsal spines (total): 9-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 11-13.

Protandrous, external fertilization, guarders of eggs.

Each group of fish consists of a breeding pair and 0-4 non-breeders. Within each group there is a size-based hierarchy, the female is largest, the male is second largest, and the non-breeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy is desceded. If the female dies, the male changes sex and becomes the breeding female, while the largest non-breeder becomes the breeding male.

Associated with the anemones: Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, and Stichodactyla gigantea.

This species has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Actinicola percula (Lacepede, 1802)
(Senior synonym)
Amphiprion tunicatus Cuvier, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Lutjanus percula Lacepede, 1802
(Senior synonym)
Anthia polymnus Bloch, 1792
Amphiprion percula Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Amphiprion percula Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Amphiprion percula Bleeker, 1852
Amphiprion ocellaris Bleeker, 1860
Amphiprion percula Steindachner, 1861
Amphiprion percula Gunther, 1862
Prochilus percula Bleeker, 1877
Amphiprion bicolor Castelnau, 1873
Amphiprion percula Day, 1877
Amphiprion percula Gunther, 1881
Amphiprion percula Macleay, 1881
Amphiprion (Actinicola) percula Fowler, 1904
Amphiprion percula Montalban, 1927
Amphiprion percula Fowler and Bean, 1928
Amphiprion percula Fowler, 1928
Amphiprion percula Duncker and Mohr, 1929
Actinicola percula Whitely, 1933
Actinicola bicolor Whitely, 1929
Amphiprion percula Verwey, 1930
Amphiprion percula Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Clown Anemonefish (English)
• True Perc (English)
• Orange Anemone Fish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, Ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Wandoor INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Majumdar, N (1984) On a collection of birds from Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh Occasional paper no 65 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 23012 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-02

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