Sardinella (Sardinella) longiceps   Valenciennes  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 23.0 cm SL

Max. published weight: 200 gm

Body sub-cylindrical, a faint golden spot behind gill opening, followed by a faint golden mid-lateral line, a distinct black spot at hind border of gill cover (absence of pigment). Distinguished from all clupeids in the northern Indian Ocean by its pelvic fin ray count of i 8, from S. neglecta and S. lemuru by its longer head and more lower gill rakers. No prominent keel. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 12-23, Vertebrae: 45-49.

Dioecism, external fertilisation, one clear seasonal peak per year, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Max. age: 3 years

Synonym (s)
Sardinella longiceps Cuvier and Valencien 1847

Common Name (s)
• Oil Sardine (English)
• Pesalaya (Sinhala)
• Pesalai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Phytoplankton, diatoms, dinoflagellates, benthic crustaceans, other planktonic invertebtrates, worms, planktonic crustaceans, amphipods, isopods, ostracods, fish eggs/larvae, blue-green algae, mysids, planktonic copepods, polychaetes
Predator:  Scomberomorus spp., Saurida tumbil


• Pondicherry INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Daniel, BA; Molur, S and Walker,S (1998) Report of the workshop conservation assessment and management plan for selected invertebrates of southern India Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India 25569 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

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