Petroscirtes breviceps   (Valenciennes,  1836) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J. E.

Max. size: 11.0 cm SL (male).

Color: 5-6 black bands along with head and side of the body. Dorsal fin dotted with black spots. Caudal yellowish. 5-6 round black blotch on both the side.

Body elongate. Head 4.25 in total length, depth 5.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.6 in head. Large canine on either side of lower jaw. Dorsal with 30 rays, anal fin with 19 rays. Pectoral equal to the head behind the middle of the eye. Dorsal spines (total): 10-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-21; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 17-21.

Dieocious, external fertilization, guarders, nesters. Oviparous, distinct pairing. Males uses shells but also ring-top cans for nesting. Eggs are demersal and adhesive.

They use their fangs defensively and will not hesitate to bite if handled. Mimic of Meiacanthus grammistes, which like all species of that genus possesses a pair of large grooved fangs in the lower jaw with associated venom glands. These bites are used defensively and thus species of that genus are avoided by predators.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Blennechis breviceps Valenciennes, 1836
(Senior synonym)
Dasson trossulus (Jordan & Snyder, 1902)
(Junior synonym)
Petroscirtes annamensis Chabanaud, 1924
(Junior synonym)
Petroscirtes breviceps (Valenciennes, 1836)
(Senior synonym)
Petroscirtes breviceps Valenciennes, 1836
Petroscirtes breviceps Day, 1876

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic crustaceans, phytoplankton, benthic algae/weeds


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Majumdar, N (1984) On a collection of birds from Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh Occasional paper no 65 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 23012 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Mukherjee, P (1995) Intertidal fishes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 345-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-12-15

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