Manayunkia spongicola   Southern,  1921 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Size: 1.5 to 3 mm.

Body cylindrical. 8 thoracic segments with dorsal capillary setae with short, flattened, blades and long slender tips. Ventral hooks stout, with three teeth above the main fang. In the three abdominal segments 1-2 capillary setae with very slight flattening of the blade and no wings, 9-11 dorsal hooks, rather small, with elongate shafts and numerous fine long teeth in several rows at one end. The gills consists of about 18-20 slender unbranched filaments on each side. Two clavate palps. Head conical in front, bearing two black eyes. A prominent collar, with an entire convex border ventrally. No otocysts. Pygidium spatulate, or pear shaped, bearing two black eyes. Tube membranous, covered with flocculent mud.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Reptiles Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-20

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