Skeletonema costatum   (Greville) Cleve,  1873 (Diatom)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Bacillariophyceae
Order:Thalassiosirales
Family:Skeletonemaceae

Image copyrights: Photo courtesy of the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. www.dnr.maryland.gov

Description
Color: yellow brown.

Frustule cylindrical or in lens form, 6-7 µm in diameter, valve round and convex. Frustule with aperture longer than itself.

Reproduction is both sexual and asexual.


Synonym (s)
Melosira costata Greville, 1866
(Basionym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Due to organic pollution Skeletonema flourishes to form red tide. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae including planktonic crustacea

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Prentice Island INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary (Lat: 15.42) (Long: 73.98) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.28) (Long: 86.70) INDIA (Record: 2004-2007)
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1979-10/1980)
• Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhimunipatnam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Goa, Zuary Estuary, Dona Paula INDIA (Record: 02/1994, 06/1994, 10/1994, 2000)
• Karnataka, Gurupur Estuary INDIA (Record: 01/1993-12/1993)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.32) INDIA (Record: 10/05/2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA (Record: 12/2004-07/2005)
• Kerala, Kadinamkulam Backwater INDIA (Record: 10/1991-09/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Karnataka, Netravati Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1993-05/1994)
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.66) INDIA (Record: 11/2001-10/2002, 04/2002-05/2002)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 06/07/2001-02/08/2001)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1970-1972)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangroves (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Kerala, Kavanad INDIA
• Kerala, Punnapra INDIA
• Kerala, Balathuruthu INDIA
• Kerala, Kodikkal INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kaduviyar estuary INDIA (Record: 10/2005-09/2006)
• Maharashtra, Murud INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Coleroon Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Goa, Dona Paula Bay (Lat: 15.45) (Long: 73.8) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Kerala, Alleppey, Ambalapuzha Coast INDIA (Record: 1971-1972)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA (Record: 1984-1986)
• Karnataka INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-03-22

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