Anguilla bengalensis   (Gray,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Anguillidae

Description
color: Brownish is colour superiorly, becoming yellowish on the sides and beneath. sots and blotches on some and fin is dark marginal band and a light outer edging.

Mouth-opening reaching hind edge of eye. Length of heads equals distance between origin of dorsal and head. Head broader than body. Lower jaw prominent; maxillary teeth extend further back than the vomarines.


Synonym (s)
Anguilla bengalensis Gray and Hardw., 1830-32
Anguilla mauritiana Bennett, 1831
Anguilla elphinstonei Sykes, 1849
Anguilla bengalensis Day, 1878
Anguilla arracana McClelland, 1844
Anguilla elphinstonei Sykes, 1839
Anguilla nebulosa nebulosa McClelland, 1844
Anguilla variegata McClelland, 1844
Muraena bengalensis Gray, 1831

Common Name (s)
• Eel (English)
• Malungulu (Telugu)
• Maniangal (Malayalam)
• Gnalu (Malayalam)
• Ahir (Marathi)
• Seram Pambu (Tamil)
• Velangoo (Tamil)
• Hari Meenu (Kannada)
• Long Finned Eel (English)
• Thumbe
• ngaril laina
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Estuary INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 09/2001-05/2002)
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kasuya, T and Nishiwaki, M (1971) First record of Mesoplodon densirostris from Taiwan The Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute 24 43-56
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, SK and Bhattacharya, AK (2003) Conservation of biodiversity of the coastal resources of Sundarbans, Northeast India: an integrated approach through environmental education Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 47(1-6) 260-264 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-326X(02)00475-7
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Brinda, S; Srinivasan, M and Balakrishnan, S (2010) Studies on Diversity of Fin Fish Larvae in Vellar Estuary, Southeast Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 44-50 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%281%2910/9.pdf
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kosygin, L; Devi, LS; Dhamendra, H (2010) Fish and Fisheries of Iril river, Manipur, with a note on conservation strategies for threatened species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 85-92 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Muraenidae-Eel Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-16

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