Parhyale hawaiensis   (Dana,  1853) (Amphipod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Amphipoda
Family:Hyalidae

Image copyrights: The Regents of the University of California

Description
Color: Dull yellowish green.

Eyes large, almost rectangular and black; antennal peduncles poorly setose; hand of 1st male gnathopod expanded, palm of male 2nd gnathopod moderately dense with medium spines; article 2 of male 5th peraeopod with broad posterolateral lobe, no spines on posterior border of 6th article of 5th peraeopod; only median apicolateral spines on 1st and 2nd uropods, no spines on outer margins of uropods 1 and 2, 3rd uropod biramous, inner ramus fused with peduncle.
It is a grazer.


Synonym (s)
Parhyale hawaiensis J.L. Barnard, 1979a
Allorchestes hawaiensis Dana, 1853
(Basionym)
Hyale brevipes Shoemaker, 1933
Hyale brevipes Barnard, 1935
Hyale hawaiensis Schellenberg, 1938
Hyale hawaiensis Nayar, 1959
Hyale hawaiensis Shoemaker, 1942
Hyale brevipes Chevreux, 1901
Hyale hawaiensis (Dana, 1853)
Parhyale trifoliadens Kunkel, 1910

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 1962-1964)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA (Record: 1962-1964)
• SEYCHELLES
• MALDIVES
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Uppanar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataramanujam, K (1988) On a sei whale, Balaenoptera borealis stranded at Tuticorin, East coast of India Investigations on Cetacea 21 247-249
  • Nayar, KN (1966) On the Gammaridean Amphipoda of the Gulf of Mannar, with special reference to those of the pearl and chank beds Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 133-168 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Lyla, PS; Velvizhi, S and Ajmal Khan, S (1998) Brackishwater amphipods of Parangipettai coast Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 79 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Pescovitz, D The evolutionary secret of body segmentation ScienceMatters@Berkeley 1(3) Available at - http://sciencematters.berkeley.edu/archives/volume1/issue3/story3.php
  • Mondal, N; Rajkumar, M; Sun, J; Kundu, S; Lyla, PS; Khan, SA and Trilles, JP (2010) Biodiversity of brackish water amphipods (crustacean) in two estuaries, southeast coast of India Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 171(1-4) 471–486 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1292-z
  • Rao, KVS (1972) intertidal amphipods from the indian coasts Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 38 190-205 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-12-29

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