Parupeneus pleurospilus [Status Unaccepted]   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 24 cm.

Color: Yellowish, lighter below, a round dark spot below lateral line in the vertical through middle of first dorsal, faint or even absent in large specimens, three pearly colored longitudinal bands from snout to operculum, the middle one crossing the eye, they are continued as three series of shining round spots on scales, visible even in alcohol specimens, second dorsal and anal with faint longitudinal bands, caudal lobes with four or five lighter crossbars.

Oblong, compressed, dorsal profile strongly arched from tip of snout to first dorsal, thence slowly tapering to caudal, ventral profile nearly straight to anal, height below origin of first dorsal about 3.5 in length, head 3-3.5, somewhat longer than high. Eye 4-4.7, shorter than convex inter orbital space, situated one eye-diameter or less nearer to hind margin of operculum than to tip of snout. Maxilla rounded behind, its distal width less than diameter of eye, terminating somewhat before front margin of eye, mouth somewhat oblique, the man dibula enclosed, barbels extending to hind margin of operculum or almost so far. Gillrakers 18+2 rudimentary ones on lower part of first branchial arch. Scales weakly ctenoid, wanting on praeorbital, on snout reaching to anterior nostrils, otherwise present on head, sensory tubes sparingly arbores cent. First dorsal much higher than second, the first spine minute, the second not pungent, of the same character as the third and almost of equal height, which goes about 1.5 times in head. Second dorsal and anal sub-equally high, more or less than 2.5 in head. only slightly emarginate, anteriorly higher than posteriorly but the last ray somewhat prolonged, anal shorter than second dorsal. Inter space between first and second dorsal much shorter than first, comprising about 4 1/2 scales. Pectorals about 1.4 in head, ventrals somewhat shorter. Caudal shorter than head. Least height of caudal peduncle nearly twice its length.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Upeneus pleurospilos Bleeker, 1853
Upeneus pleurospilus Gunther, 1859
Parupeneus pleurospilus Bleeker, 1864
Upeneus pleurospilos Klunzinger, 1870
Parupeneus pleurospilus Bleeker, 1878
Parupeneus luteus Klunzinger, 1884
Pseudupeneus pleurospilos Jordan and Seale, 1906
Pseudupeneus pleurospilos Seale, 1906
Pseudupeneus pleurospilos Snyder, 1907
Upeneus pleurospilos Snyder, 1912
Upeneus pleurospilos Herre and Montalban, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, LAK and Sharma, RK (1986) Gangetic dolphin, Platanista gangetica Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 82(3) 648-653
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-30

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