Trachinocephalus myops   (Forster,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Aulopiformes
Family:Synodontidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 20-40 cm.

Color: Head and back greenish brown, upper flanks with faint blue green and yellow irregular longitudinal stripes; lower flanks and belly silvery. Fins pale yellow.

Body elongate and moderately compressed. Head not strongly depressed, but more or less lizard-like, with eyes placed near to tip of snout. Snout shorter than eye diameter. Mouth large and very oblique with small, close-set teeth. Palatine teeth in a single band on each side. Eye far forward. Dorsal fin with 11 to 14 rays. Anal fin with 15 or 16 rays. Pectoral fins rather small. Pelvic fin with 8 rays, the inner ray about 3 times longer than outer ray.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Max. reported age: 7 years


Synonym (s)
Trachinocephalus limbatus (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1841)
Salmo myops Schneider (ex Forster ms), 1801
Saurus myops Day, 1877
Trachinocephalus myops Misra, 1976
Goodella hypozona Ogilby, 1897
Osmerus lemniscatus Lacepede, 1803
Salmo myops Forster, 1801
Saurus brevirostris Poey, 1860
Saurus lemniscatus (Lacepede, 1803)
Saurus limbatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
Saurus myops (Forster, 1801)
Saurus trachinus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Saurus truncatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829
Synodus brevirostris (Poey, 1860)
Synodus myops (Forster, 1801)
Trachicephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
Trachinocephalus brevirostris (Poey, 1860)
Trachinocephalus hypozona (Ogilby, 1897)
Trachinocephalus limbatus (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
Trachinocephalus trachinus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Trichinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Short Headed Lizard Fish (English)
• Bluntnose Lizard Fish (English)
• Chor Bombil (Marathi)
• Snakefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, also made fish balls)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, finfish, bony fish
Predator:  Sphyraena barracuda (Fsh)

Biogeography


• Kerala, Shanghumugham INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 6.66) (Long: 93.08) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 47-87 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 101-450 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 08/2008, 12/2008)
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Silas, EG (1969) Part-1 Exploratory otter trawling surveys by R.V. Varuna and other vessels operating in association with her from the continental shelf edge and the upper continental slope off the south-west coast of India Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 12 7-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/657/2/Bulletin_No_12_1.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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