Argyropelecus hemigymnus   Cocco,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Dolgov, A

Max. size: 3.9 cm SL

Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 11–12, Vertebrae: 36–39. Body bright silvery in color, body and trunk with dusky coloration at night. Light organs are present. Branchiostegal rays: 10. Sexual dimorphism with regard to body size, the males being slightly smaller than the females.

Dioecious, oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae, spawning frequency is variable throughout range, spawns more than once per season with egg batches about 50-500 egg/ovary pair, the number increasing with increased animal size, external fertilization, nonguarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Max. reported age: 1 year

Synonym (s)
Argyripnus hemigymnus (Cocco, 1829)
Argyropelachus hemigymnus Cocco, 1829
Argyropelecus durvillei Valenciennes, 1849
Argyropelecus d'Urvillei Valenciennes, 1849
Argyropelecus heathi Gilbert, 1905
Argyropelecus hemigymmus Cocco, 1829
Argyropelecus hemigymnos Cocco, 1829
Argyropelecus hemigymnos Cocco, 1829
Argyropelecus intermedius Clarke, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Short Silver Hatchetfish (English)
• Marine Hatchetfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans (unidentified small crustaceans), ostracods, fish eggs/larvae, unidentified chaetognaths, other planktonic invertebrates, planktonic copepods (Aetideus armatus, Euchirella spp., Calanus helgolandicus, Cyclopoid, Euchaeta spp., Heterorhabdus spp., Pleuromamma spp., Clausocalanus, Oncaea sp., Scolecithricella minor), polychaetes
Predator:  Bony fishes of the families Coryphaenidae (Coryphaena hippurus), Gadidae (Micromesistius australis), Merlucciidae (Merluccius merluccius), Ophichthidae (Ophichthus rufus)


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 12.96) (Long: 86) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40-400 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Alcock, A (1994) A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep sea fishes in the Indian museum Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,New Delhi 1-211 Available at - CMFRI Library, Cochin- 682018
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-02-09

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