Setipinna breviceps   (Cantor,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 30-24 cm SL

Body compressed, head very short, belly with 17 to 23 plus 9 to 11 = 27 to 32 scutes from isthmus to anus. Mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting beyond the tip of the snout. Its very low gill raker count and the characteristic shape of its head and jaws distinguishes it from all other species of Setipinna.
Maxillary rounded behind, reaching to mandibular joint. Origin of dorsal a little nearer to snout than to caudal, far behind origin of anal, the length of which is more than twice its distance from the head. Ventrals nearer to head than to origin of anal. Pectorals with the upper ray produced, and reaching to the middle or the hind-part of the anal. Caudal deeply incised, 4-5 cm in length. Very small teeth on vomer, palatines, pterygoids and larger ones in the jaws. Gillrakers about 12, as long as the eye, with a row of unequal curved spines on the innerside. Scales thin not very deciduous, with a very fine network and irregular rough hindborder. 27-28 abdominal sharp pointed prominent scutes, 11 of which are postventral. Silvery, back darker. Vertical fins with a black margin, which may be broad on dorsal and caudal, even the pectoral sometimes black.

Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 0, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 59-64.

Synonym (s)
Engraulis breviceps Cantor, 1849
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis pfeifferi Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Heterothrissa breviceps (Cantor, 1849)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic


Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-04-07

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