Corica soborna   Hamilton,  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 4-5 cm

Color: Body silvery, with light band on sides.

Body subelongate, compressed. Ventral and dorsal profile almost evenly convex. Eye about 2¼–3, nearly equal to or a little longer than snout and about equal to postorbital part of head. Two or one hardly conspicuous small ridges on each side of vertex. Maxillary reaching somewhat beyond front margin of eye, somewhat more than twice in head. Origin of dorsal a little nearer to root of caudal than to snout. First anal about equal to half length of head, second anal remote from first. Pectorals about as long as head without snout. Scutes are present behind pectoral fin base. There are 10 pre-pelvic and 6 post-pelvic scutes present. Origin of ventrals hardly in front of that of dorsal. Minute teeth on jaws, palatines and tongue. Scales smooth. Eighteen distinct abdominal spines, six being postventral. Silvery, back dark, fins hyaline. Twenty two slender gillrakers, conspicuously longer than branchial filaments and pupil.

Synonym (s)
Corica argentata Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Corica biharensis Kamal & Ahsan, 1979
(Junior synonym)
Corica pseudopterus (Bleeker, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Corica sobrona Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Spratella pseudopterus Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Corica soborna Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Corcia soborna Hamilton, 1822
Corica sobrona Hamilton, 1822

Common Name (s)
• Kachki (Bengali)
• Ganga River Sprat (English)
• Ganges River Sprat (English)
• Hamiltons Corica (English)
• Shad (English)
• Cutwaal Alise (Oriya)
• Godhae (Oriya)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Planktonic invertebrates


• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Bihar, Dighwara (Record: 1952)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Ranking of fishes harvested from creeks at Dahanu in west coast of India AFSIB, Mangalore and AoA, Bhubaneswar 319-326 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, SK and Bhattacharya, AK (2003) Conservation of biodiversity of the coastal resources of Sundarbans, Northeast India: an integrated approach through environmental education Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 47(1-6) 260-264 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Karamchandani, SJ (1957) On the Occurrence of Association of carp fry in the fry-collection nets and the destructive role played by predatory fish Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 4(1) 46-61 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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