Falco tinnunculus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Sumit K Sen

A small slender falcon, brick red above with grey head, light buff below with brown spearhead sopts. In flight the pointed black wings and rounded grey tail with broad black terminal band are useful clues to identificatoin. Female rufous above, including head, cross-barred with blackish. Singly, in open country, perched on stake or hovering.

Habits: Chiefly distinguished for its spectacular method of hunting. Checks itself in flight now and again and remains poised stationary in mid-air on rapidly hovering wing tips for many seconds, intently scanning the ground below for crawling prey. If the quarry is sighted, the kestrel pounces upon it silently and bears it away in its talons.

Nesting: Season- Himalayas April-June, S. India February-April. Nest- a sketchy affair of twigs, roots, rags and rubbish in hole or crevice, or on ledge, of cliff. Occasionally in trees and on ruined buildings. Eggs-3 to 6, pale pinkish or yellowish stone, profusely speckled and blotched with various shades of red. Both sexes share all the domestic duties.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Common Kestrel (English)
• Koruttia (Hindi)
• Kestrel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Goa INDIA (Record: 02/01/1969)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Mangalore, Nethravathi INDIA
• Mangalore, Pavoor INDIA
• Mangalore, Someshwar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Prasad, M and Varshney, RK (2002) Checklist of Indian Odonata Available at - http://www.geocities.com/indianodonata/check_list.htm
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birds of India Available at - http://www.kolkatabirds.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Ramitha, M and Vijayalaxmi, KK. (2001) A checklist of Birds in and around Mangalore University campus, Karnataka Zoos' Print Journal Department of Studies and Research in Applied Zoology, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Karnataka, India. 16(5) 489-492 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2001/May/489-492.pdf
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-16

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