Butorides striata   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 40-48 cm; Length 40-41 cm.

Color: general colour blackish green; grey below; throat white; buff to chestnut line down foreneck; erectile feathers on crown. Immature dark brown spotted white above, buff and dark brown streaking below. Bare parts: iris yellow, deep orange when breeding; lores green to blue, yellow when breeding; bill black above, yellow green below with black tip, entirely black when breeding; feet and legs grey brown in front, yellow behind, yellow to reddish orange when breeding.

Voice: Usually silent, when flushed utters alarm note k'yow or k'yek.

Habits: Solitary, frequents the same area, crepuscular, usually remains in thick vegetation, occasionally active during day, often perches on overhanging branches. Apparently breeds twice a year from March to September.

Adult: Sexes alike, chiefly a black, grey and dark metallic green heron with black bill, glossy greenish-black forehead, crown and longish occipital crest, white chin, cheeks and central throat, grey head and neck. Upper parts slaty-grey glossed with bronze-green, lower parts ashy-grey and under tail-coverts white with blackish edges, legs dull green or plumbeous green. Juvenile: Brownish above, white with white spots.

Nesting: Season- overall March to August, varying locally. Nest- a rough stick platform up in a small tree on the edge of water, or in a mangrove swamp. Built singly, not in colonies. Eggs-3 to 5, very like the Paddy Bird's, pale greenish blue.

Synonym (s)
Ardea striatus (Linnaeus, 1852)
Butorides striatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Little Green Heron (English)
• Kancha bagla (Hindi)
• Green Heron (English)
• Green-Backed Heron (English)
• Striated Heron (English)
• Chinna kokku (Malayalam)
• Dosi konga (Telugu)
• Doshi kokku (Tamil)
• Hirva bagla (Marathi)
• Lili bagli, Lili bagali (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, crustaceans (crabs) and aquatic insects, frog
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Goa, Calangute INDIA (Record: 07/06/1981)
• Goa, Cumbarjua canal INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Goa, Baga creek INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Prasad, M and Varshney, RK (2002) Checklist of Indian Odonata Available at - http://www.geocities.com/indianodonata/check_list.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar P and Gupta SK (2009) Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds around Kurukshetra, India Our Nature 7 212-217 Available at - http://www.mtnforum.org/sites/default/files/pub/6167.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-02

Back to Search