Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis   (Gray,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: M, Balaram

Max. size: 120 cm TL

Max. published weight: 6,000 g

Color: Dorsal side of the body brownish, belly yellowish. Fins yellowish mottled with brown.

Body snake like, cylindrical anteriorly, with minute embedded scales. Mouth slightly oblique, extending beyond the eyes. Teeth small, conical, in cardiform bands in jaws and vomer; teeth in lower jaw divided by a longitudinal groove. Dorsal fin originating about midway between gill-openings and anal fin origin. Pectoral fins well developed. Lateral line distinct. Dorsal soft rays (total): 250-305, Anal soft rays: 220-250, Vertebrae: 106-112.

Synonym (s)
Anguilla anguilla (non Linnaeus, 1758)
(Misapplied name)
Anguilla arracana McClelland, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla bengalensis (Gray, 1831)
(Senior synonym)
Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (Gray) 1831
(Senior synonym)
Anguilla elphinstonei Sykes, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla marmorata (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Misapplied name)
Anguilla mauritiana (non Bennett, 1831)
(Misapplied name)
Anguilla nebulosa nebulosa McClelland, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla variegata McClelland, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Muraena bengalensis Gray, 1831
(Senior synonym)
Muraena bengalensis Gray and Hardwicke, 1834

Common Name (s)
• Indian longfin Eel (English)
• Starry moray (English)
• Hanchu mennu (Kannada)
• Hanchumeenu (Kannada)
• Harimeenu (Kannada)
• Aarel (Malayalam)
• Vilangu (Malayalam)
• Malangil (Malayalam)
• Malanjil (Malayalam)
• Aerel (Malayalam)
• Gnalu (Malayalam)
• Maniangal (Malayalam)
• Mlangil (Malayalam)
• Naprum (Manipuri)
• Aheer (Marathi)
• Rajbam (Nepali)
• Vellangoo (Tamil)
• Malamgulu (Telugu)
• Malugu (Telugu)
• Long Finned Eel (English)
• Ahir (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquaculture, and game fish. There exists a good export market for both live elvers and eels. Highly prized as food fish because of its nutritional value. Fish mucous from live fish mixed with rice or wheat flour is used as medicine for arthritis. )
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mishra, SS; Pradhan, P; Kar, S and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Records of the Zoological Survey of India: Ichthyofaunal diversity of Midnapore, Bankura and Hooghly districts, south west Bengal ZSI, Kolkata 65 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mukherjee, P (1995) Intertidal fishes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 345-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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