Amblygaster sirm   (Walbaum,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max. size: 27.0 cm SL

Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 12 - 23. Scutes not prominent. Distinguished from A. clupeoides and A. leiogaster by the presence of a series of 10 to 20 gold (in life) or black (on preservation) spots down the flank (but sometimes missing) and more lower gill rakers, from Sardinops species by the absence of a bony radiating striae on its operculum, from Sardinella species by its fewer pelvic fin rays and lower gill rakers.

Dioecious, spawning throughout the year, but peaking once. External fertilization, non guarders of egg.

Max. age: 8 years

Synonym (s)
Clupea harengus sirm Walbaum, 1792
(Senior synonym)
Clupea pinguis Gunther, 1872
(Junior synonym)
Clupea sirm Walbaum, 1792
(Senior synonym)
Sardinella leiogastroides Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella sirm (Walbaum, 1792)
(Senior synonym)
Sardinops dakini Whitley, 1937
(Junior synonym)
Ambligaster sirm (Walbaum, 1792)

Common Name (s)
• Spotted sardinella (English)
• Keerimeen chalai (Tamil)
• Pulli-kavalai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, dried and salted. Used as bait for tuna fishery)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Dinoflagellates, euphausiids, planktonic copepods, planktonic crustaceans, other planktonic invertebrates


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15.5) (Long: 80.78) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 39 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-11

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