Ceratium candelabrum   (Ehrenberg, 1860) Stein,  1883 ()
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Peridinea

Image copyrights: Smithsonian

A stubby species, with two posteriorly directed antapical horn. Anterior portion short, cone shaped, suddenly tapering at the sides into the apical horn. Apical horn straight or somewhat arched. Posterior portion very low particularly right side; therefore, obliquely diagonal. Posterior horns short or long, thick or slender, straight or more or less bent, diverging or parallel. As is common in this genus the ventral area of the cell is covered by delicate plates which collapse when the cell is dried.

Synonym (s)
Ceratium candelabrum var. dilatum (Gourret) Jorgensen, 1911
Ceratium candelabrum var. depressum (Pouchet) Jorgensen, 1920
Ceratium candelabrum var. algerence Schiller, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Open Sea


• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Arabian sea INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, GC (1990) Present status of the sea cow, Dugong dugon Journal of Andaman Science Association 6 185-189
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Hassan, D and Saifullah, SM (1974) The genus Ceratium Schrank from coastal waters of Karachi part I. The sub genera Amphiceratium and Biceratium Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter and Co. Berlin. New York 17 82-87 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, K; Santhanam, R and Jothi, K (1977) The Dinophyta from Porto Novo, south India Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623520, Tamil Nadu, India 2 64-67 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dodge, JD (1985) Atlas of dinoflagellates Farrand Press, London 1-119 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Subrahmanyan, R (1968) The Dinophyceae of the Indian seas Memoir II, Part I Marine Biological Association of India, India 118 pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2446/

Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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