Pseudosciaena sina   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 25 cm.

Color: Silvery, grey, or brownish above, sometimes with faint indication of oblique stripes following row of scales, opercle with dark bluish patch, dorsal fuscous, other fins hyaline to yellowish.

Oblong, compressed, dorsal profile in adult from snout to dorsal strongly convex, thence less to caudal peduncle, ventral profile straight. Height 3.3-3.41, head 3.15-3.3. Eye 4-4.6, situated in anterior half of head, its lower margin above horizontal through commencement of mouth, equal to or somewhat shorter than convex inter orbital space, snout somewhat longer, its free border lobate. Mouth terminal, oblique, upper jaw slightly longer than lower, its length somewhat surpassing half length of head and extending to middle or hind border of eye, maxillary concealed, its truncate expansion about half diameter of eye. Below mandibular symphysis 5 pores. Posterior nostrils close to middle of eye, oval, the approximate anterior much smaller and rounded. Preopercle crenulate, the rounded angle distantly denticulate, opercle with two flat spines, post temporal ciliate. Teeth in jaws in rather narrow villiform bands, an outer series of distant conical, enlarged, somewhat caninoid teeth, visible by half closed mouth in upper, an inner close-set series of conical enlarged ones in lower jaw. Scales on opercles, cheeks, sub orbitals and snout cycloid, otherwise ciliate, lateral line arched to before middle of soft dorsal, sensory scales arborescent. Origin of spinous dorsal that of pectoral, its base about twice in that of soft dorsal, the spines rather slender, third and fourth spine higher, about 2 1/2 times in head, somewhat higher than meddle highest rays. Origin of anal before middle of soft dorsal, second spine rather weak, nearly equal eye, about 1/3 of first ray. Base of soft dorsal and anal scaly, both fins rounded. Pectorals falciform, shorter than head, the ventrals less than head without snout. Caudal rhomboidal, the lower median rays longer, least height of caudal peduncle less than 1/2 diameter of eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Corvina sina Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Corvina sina Valenciennes, 1834
Otolithus vogleri Bleeker, 1853
Corvina sina Bleeker, 1857
Sciaena sina Gunther, 1860
Johnius sina Blyth, 1861
Sciaena sina Playfair, 1866
Corvina sina Bleeker, 1869
Pseudosciaena vogleri Bleeker, 1877
Sciaena sina Gunther, 1880
Sciaena vogleri Day, 1888
Sciaena vogleri Day, 1889
Sciaena parva Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Sciaena sina Franz, 1910
Johnius vogleri Seale, 1910
Corvina sina Jordan and Thompson, 1911
Sciaena sina Zugmayer, 1913
Sciaena marleyi Norman, 1922
Johnius marleyi Fowler, 1925
Sciaena vogleri Barnard, 1925
Sciaena vogleri Vinciguerra, 1929
Johnius sina Fowler, 1929
Sciaena vogleri Hardenberg, 1931
Johnius vogleri Fowler, 1932
Sciaena sina Herre and Myers, 1931
Johnius sina Fowler, 1933
Johnius sina Hardenberg, 1934

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal
Prey:  prawns, poly chutes, teleosts, amphipods and Acetes, copepods, Squilla, Lucifer, Mysis, Sagitta, larval bivalves, echiurid worms and diatoms


• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at -
  • Rao. TA (1976) Relative abundance of sciaenids along Andhra-Orissa coast Indian Journal of Fisheries 23 (1&2) 201-212 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

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