Hippolysmata ensirostris   Kemp,  1914 (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Max. size: 80 mm

Carapace a little less than half length of abdomen, excluding telson; pterygostomian spine as large as antennal; rostrum always longer than carapace, with 11-16 dorsal teeth, of which 7-12 are on the elevated crest; inferior margin armed with 7-16 teeth; carapace bluntly carinate mid-dorsally in its anterior half and bears 1 or 2 minute spinules behind basal crest of rostrum. Rostrum longer than carapace with proximal elevated crest; 11-16 dorsal teeth of which 7-12 on crest; ventral teeth 7-16; epipods on walking legs rudimentary. Mandible without incisor process or palp. Third maxilliped falls short of apex of antennal scale. Epipods short and rudimentary at base of first 4 pairs of peraeiopods and concealed from view by downward growth of pleurobranchs.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Kolumbi (Marathi)
• Pink Prawn (English)
• Dhobi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal


• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.73) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jones, S The crustacean fishery resources of India Proceedings on the symposium on crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp 1328-1339 Available at - CASMB, Parangipettai
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH and Rao, PV (1971) Estuarine phase in the life history of the commercial prawns of the west coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 13(2) 49-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1558/1/Mohamed_149-161.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Kunju, MM (1969) Genera Solenocera lucas 1850, Atypopenaeus Alcock 1905, Hyppolysmata stimpson 1860, Palaemon Weber 1795 and Acetes M. Edwards 1830 Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 159-177 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-16

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