Pseudosiderastrea tayami   Yabe and Sugiyama,  1935 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hexacorallia
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Siderastreidae

Description
Color: Pale grey with distinctive white corallite walls. Uniform brown in the western Indian Ocean

Colonies are encrusting to slightly dome-shaped and up to 160 millimetres across. Corallites are cerioid, polygonal and 3-6 millimetres diameter. Septa are evenly spaced and usually fuse with each other in fan-like groups. They have fine saw-like teeth. Columellae consist of one to four pinnules. Corallum encrusting with polygonal corallites 4-6 mm long and broad. Intercorallite wall thin, acute. Septa 40 to 50 in large corallite which undergo fusion. Generally 12 major septa reach collumella. Septal sides with granules, edges serrated.

Asexual reproduction by extratentacular budding.

Similar species: Siderastrea savignyana. The species also resembles Coscinaraea and superficially resembles the agariciid Coeloseris and the faviid Leptastrea.


Synonym (s)
Anomastraea (Pseudosiderastrea) tayami Wells 1956
Pseudosiderastrea tayami Yabe and Sugiyama 1935

Common Name (s)
• False Pillow Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Bali INDONESIA
• MALDIVE ISLANDS
• Gujarat, Dhani INDIA
• Gujarat, Burel INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 2000)
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Paga INDIA
• Gujarat, Manmarudi INDIA
• Gujarat, Langamarudi INDIA
• Gujarat, Ajad INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Pongibalu INDIA
• Kerala, Tangasseri INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• South West Coast INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)

Literature Source(s)
  • Manakadan, R and Pittie, A (2002) Standardized english and scientific names of the Indian subcontinent-2002 Newsletter for Birdwatchers S. Sridhar 42 p 35
  • Mazlan, AG; Zaidi, CC; WanLotfi, WM and Othman, BHR (2005) On the current status of coastal marine biodiversity in Malaysia Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 76-87 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raguraman, R; Sreeraj, CR; Immanuel, T and Raghunathan, C (2010) Intensive study on the Scleractinian coral diversity of Pongibalu, south andaman Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(1) 29-36 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-13

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