Metapenaeus stebbingi   Nobili,  1904 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: 139 mm TL.

Color: Body, perepods and pleopods white to creamy-yellow with grey and rust colored specks; antennae and distal part of uropods rusty color to grey-purplish.

Almost entire body hairless; rostrum armed with 7 to 10 teeth along entire dorsal margin, reaching or exceeding distal margin of antennular peduncle; postrostral ridge broad and low, ending near middle of carapace; branchio-cardiac ridge indistinct; telson armed on each side with a row of small, movable spines; ischial spine on first pereopod absent. In adult males, merus of fifth pereopod with a proximal notch followed by a keel-shaped tubercle; each distomedian projection of petasma with a stiff, styliform appendix directed forward and ventrally serrated; distolateral projections directed laterally and separate in ventral and dorsal processes. In females, thelycum with posterior transverse ridge protruding forward between lateral plates and forming an inverted T-shape plate; lateral plates triangular.


Synonym (s)
Mangalura stebbingi (Nobili, 1904)
(Senior synonym)
Metapenaeopsis stebbingi (Nobili, 1904)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis stebbingi (Nobili, 1904)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis stebbingi De Man, 1911
Mangalura stebbingi Burkenroad, 1959
Metapenaeopsis stebbingi Kensley, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Peregrine Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed mainly fresh, frozen and dried and as bait.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Muddy

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Red Sea
• PAKISTAN
• INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ali, S and Ripley, SD (1989) Compact handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan (II edition) Oxford University Press, New Delhi 39823
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Abdulqader, EAA (1999) The role of shallow waters in the life cycle of the Bahrain penaeid shrimps Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 49 115-121 Available at - Zoological Records (Bahrain marine)
  • Bishop, JM and Khan, MH (1999) Use of intertidal and adjacent mudflats by juvenile penaeid shrimps during 24-h tidal cycles Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232(1) 39-60 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Mohammed, HMA; Bishop, JM and Yimin Ye (1998) Kuwait's post Gulf-War shrimp fishery and stock status from 1991/92 through 1995/96 Reviews in Fisheries Science 65(3) 253-280 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Bishop, JM and Khan, MH (1991) Depth as a factor in abundance and size of juvenile penaeid shrimps in the absence of estuaries and marshes Marine Biology (Berlin) 109(1) 103-114 Available at - Zoological records
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-14

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