Solenocera hextii   Wood-Mason & Alcock,  1891b (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Solenoceridae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: 55 mm TL (male), 109-138 mm TL (female); total length 32-40 mm; carapace length 10-20 mm.

Color: Bright pink.

Body hairless, except, the rostrum; rostrum is ascendant and dorsally armed with 7-8 teeth, extending to the end of the basal joint of the antennular peduncle. Antennular flagella 2/3 the length of the carapace. The 'L' shaped groove on the branchiostegal region of the carapace is conspicuous. The characteristic spine on the cervical groove ventral to the posteriormost spine of the rostral series is present. Telson is trifurcate and almost as long as the exopod of the uropod; fifth pereopod with a coxal spine.


Synonym (s)
Solenocera hextii Wood-Mason, 1891
Solenocera hextii Alcock, 1901
Solenocera hextii De Man, 1911
Solenocera hextii Ramadan, 1938
Solenocera hextii Anderson and Lindner, 1943

Common Name (s)
• Deep Sea Mud Shrimp (English)
• Rani karikadi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, occasionally marketed frozen.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Demersal

Biogeography


• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16.5) (Long: 72.23) INDIA (Record: 05/1998-12/2002) (Depth: 205 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Kerala, Off Alleppey (Lat: 9.41) (Long: 75.66) INDIA (Depth: 338.32-365.76 mts)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Depth: 118.87-504.74 mts)
• West Coast, Malabar INDIA (Depth: 197.51-226.77 mts)
• Gulf of Aden (Depth: 340.15 mts)
• INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Off Alleppey INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Depth: 274.32-365.76 mts)
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 180-450 mts)
• North West Coast INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ali, S and Ripley, SD (1989) Compact handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan (II edition) Oxford University Press, New Delhi 39823
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Karuppasamy, PK and Menon, NG (2005) Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps from the deep scattering layer (DSL) in the Arabian Sea Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 47(1) 101-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • George, MJ (1966) On a collection of Penaeid prawns from the offshore waters of the south-west coast of India Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 337-346 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Karuppasamy, PK; Menon, NG; Nair, KK and Achuthankutty, CT (2006) Distribution and abundance of pelagic shrimps from the deep scattering layer of the eastern Arabian Sea Journal of shellfish research The National Shellfisheries Association 25 1013-1019 Available at - http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Distribution+and+abundance+of+pelagic+shrimps+from+the+deep...-a0157193670
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Thomas, MM (1979) On a collection of deep sea decapod crustaceans from the gulf of Mannar Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 21(1&2) 41-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silas, EG (1969) Part-1 Exploratory otter trawling surveys by R.V. Varuna and other vessels operating in association with her from the continental shelf edge and the upper continental slope off the south-west coast of India Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 12 7-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/657/2/Bulletin_No_12_1.pdf
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-14

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