Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides   (Whitley,  1934) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: 161 cm TL (male/unsexed); 167 cm TL (female)

Color: Grey or grey-brown on dorsal surface, white or cream below, with a conspicuous band of white on sides from pelvic fins to first dorsal fin; pectoral, dorsal and pelvic fins, and ventral lobe of caudal fin black or dusky-tipped, sometimes inconspicuously.

A medium-sized stout shark. Snout pointed but short, its length less than mouth width, 1.0 to 1.2 times internasal space; labial furrows very short; anterior nasal flaps very low; no spiracles; upper and lower teeth with serrated edges, including cusps, upper teeth with narrow cusps, and no prominent clisplets, not, broadly triangular, cusps of upper anterior teeth erect, laterals erect to oblique; lower teeth erect and narrow-cusped. First dorsal fin moderately high, with an angular or narrowly rounded apex and short inner margin, its origin over inner margins of pectoral fins; origin of second dorsal fin about opposite anal fin origin; second dorsal fin moderately high, its inner margin less than twice its height, its posterior margin concave; pectoral fins moderately long and falcate, with narrow, pointed tips. No dermal ridge between dorsal fins.

Viviparous, size at birth about 52 to 55 cm.


Synonym (s)
Carcharhinus brevipinna (non Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus limbatus (non Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus pleurotaenia (Bleeker, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias pleurotaenia Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Gillisqualus amblyrhynchoides Whitley, 1934
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Grey Reef Shark (English)
• Queensland Shark (English)
• Graceful Shark (English)
• Graced Shark (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries; utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption; fins used in the oriental shark fin trade; liver oil processed for vitamins.
Traumatogenic)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ali, S and Ripley, SD (1989) Compact handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan (II edition) Oxford University Press, New Delhi 39823
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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