Miracia efferata   Dana,  1849 (Copepod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Maxillopoda
Order:Harpacticoida
Family:Miraciidae

Image copyrights: Huys & Bottger-Schnack

Female: A) dorsal B) lateral; Male: C) lateral.

Description
Size: Length 1.55-2.2 mm (female), 1.30-2.00 mm (male).

Female: The front of the head is rounded. The large pair of cuticular lenses touch middorsally. The cephalosome is wider than the following segment and there are distinct constrictions between each of the prosome and urosome segments. Rostrum is very small. Furca 3 times longer than wide, the outer margin is stepped 2/3 down the furcal length.

Male: Body similar to female.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Kalavali Estuary (Lat: 16.25) (Long: 73.67) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.25) (Long: 17.00) INDIA
• Kerala, Off Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Barren Island INDIA (Record: 04/2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 20.84) (Long: 68.83) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 22.50) (Long: 70.33) INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Dhargalkar, V and Ingole, B (2005) Survey of inventorization of coastal biodiversity at three estuarine sites along the central west coast of India 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Haridas, P and Rao, TSS (1981) Distribution of Pelagic Harpacticoid Copepods from the Indian Ocean Mahasagar Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography 14(2) 151-154 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Rakhesh, M; Raman, AV and Sudarsan, D (2006) Discriminating zooplankton assemblages in neritic and oceanic waters: A case for the northeast coast of India, Bay of Bengal Marine Environmental Research Elsevier 61(1) 93-109 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2005.06.002
  • Saraswathy, M (1966) Pelagic Copepods from the inshore waters Off Trivandrum Coast Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 74-106 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, HUK; Jayaraj, KA; Rafeeq, M; Jayalakshmi, KJ and Revichandran, C Mesozooplankton distribution near an active volcanic island in the Andaman Sea (Barren Island) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1579-0
  • Raghunathan, C (2008) Studies on oceanic zooplankton in the continental slope of Andaman waters of Bay of Bengal Nature Environment and Pollution Technology Technoscience Publications 7(4) 615-626 Available at - http://www.neptjournal.com/newsl-contact.php?id=10&q_id=9
  • Fernandes, V (2008) The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Research Sears Foundation for Marine Research 66 465–488 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Patel, MI (1975) Pelagic copepods from the inshore waters off Saurashtra Coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 17(3) 658-663 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Goswami, SC and Srivastava, Y (1996) Zooplankton standing stock, community structure and diversity in the northern Arabian Sea Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 127-137p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2147
  • Ganapati, PN and Shanthakumari, K (1961) The systematics and distribution of planktonic copepods in the Lawson's bay, Waltair Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 3(1&2) 6-18 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-19

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