Candacia pachydactyla   (Dana,  1849) (Copepod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Maxillopoda
Order:Calanoida
Family:Candaciidae

Description
Size: Length 1.8-3.00 mm (female); 1.5-2.72 mm (male).

Both the female and male have small ridges on the back at the rear of the last cephalosome segment.

Female: Posterior metasome segment pointed and asymmetrical. A markedly asymmetric genital segment with characteristic large pointed protuberances extending obliquely. Three seta on the inner side and a strong spine on the outer edge.

Male: Posterior metasome asymmetrical. Genital segment with a large process on the right, consisting of a single, broad, rounded projection. Has a large characteristic protuberance on the genital segment.


Synonym (s)
Candace pachydactyla Dana, 1849
Candacia pachydactyla (Dana, 1849)
(Senior synonym)
Candacia pachydactyla A. Scott, 1909
Candacia pachydactyla Wolfenden, 1911
Candacia pachydactyla T. Scott, 1912
Candacia pachydactyla Sewell, 1912
Candacia pachydactyla Sewell, 1914
Candacia pachydactyla Sars, 1925
Candacia pachydactyla Farran, 1929
Candace pachydactyla Dana, 1849
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Predator:  Bony fishes (Bolinichthys longipes, Ceratoscopelus warmingii, Hygophum proximum, Argyropelecus sladeni, Sternoptyx diaphana, Sternoptyx pseudobscura)

Biogeography


• Kerala, Off Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 20.84) (Long: 68.83) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 22.50) (Long: 70.33) INDIA
• Goa, Off Aguada INDIA (Depth: 25 mts)
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA (Record: 17/06/1987-10/07/1987)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• West Coast (Lat: 15) (Long: 69) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1986-26/09/1986)
• West Coast (Lat: 19) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1986-26/09/1986)
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 20/04/1985-04/05/1985)

Literature Source(s)
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Madhupratap, M and Haridas, P (1986) Epipelagic calanoid copepods of the Northern Indian Ocean Copepod 105-117 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Saraswathy, M (1966) Pelagic Copepods from the inshore waters Off Trivandrum Coast Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 74-106 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sewell, RBS (1999) The copepoda of Indian seas Biotech Books, Delhi, India 407 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rakhesh, M; Raman, AV and Sudarsan, D (2006) Discriminating zooplankton assemblages in neritic and oceanic waters: A case for the northeast coast of India, Bay of Bengal Marine Environmental Research Elsevier 61(1) 93-109 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2005.06.002
  • Fernandes, V (2008) The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Research Sears Foundation for Marine Research 66 465–488 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Patel, MI (1975) Pelagic copepods from the inshore waters off Saurashtra Coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 17(3) 658-663 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Goswami, SC and Padmavati, G (1996) Zooplankton production, composition and diversity in the coastal waters of Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 25 91-97 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2133
  • Padmavati, G; Haridas, P; Nair, KKC; Gopalakrishnan, TC; Shiney, P and Madhupratap, M (1998) Vertical distribution of mesozooplankton in the central and eastern Arabian Sea during the winter monsoons Journal of Plankton Research Cambridge University Press 20 343-354 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1869
  • Madhupratap, M; Haridas, P; Ramaiah, N and Achuthankutty, CT (1992) Zooplankton of the southwest coast of India: abundance, composition, temporal and spatial variability in 1987 Oceanography of the Indian Ocean Oxford and IBH, New Delhi 99-112 p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2959
  • Goswami, SC and Srivastava, Y (1996) Zooplankton standing stock, community structure and diversity in the northern Arabian Sea Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 127-137p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2147
  • Madhupratap, M; Nair, SRS; Haridas, P and Padmavati, G (1990) Response of zooplankton to physical changes in the environment: coastal upwelling along central west coast of India Journal of coastal research Coastal Education and Reserch Foundation 6 413-426 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2439
  • Ganapati, PN and Shanthakumari, K (1961) The systematics and distribution of planktonic copepods in the Lawson's bay, Waltair Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 3(1&2) 6-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jitlang, I; Pattarajinda, S; Mishra, R and Wongrat, L (2007) Composition, Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the Bay of Bengal The Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal 65-92 Available at - http://map.seafdec.org/downloads/BIMSTEC/010-Zooplankton-Issaporn.pdf
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Nair, SRS; Haridas, P and Madhupratap, M (1989) Zooplankton composition of the Kalpeni and Agatti atolls, Lakshadweep archipelago Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 151-154 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-24

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