Pleuromamma gracilis   Claus,  1863 (Copepod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Maxillopoda
Order:Calanoida
Family:Metridinidae

Image copyrights: Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche sur Mer

Description
Size: Length 1.51-2.25 mm (male), 1.20-2.55 mm (female).

Female: Brown button on right side of body.
Male: Pigment spot on right side. Urosome almost symmetrical, except that segment 3 has a patch of hairs on the left rear border.


Synonym (s)
Pleuromamma gracilis (Claus, 1863)
(Senior synonym)
Pleuromamma gracilis A. Scott, 1909
Pleuromamma gracilis Wolfenden, 1911
Pleuromamma gracilis Sewell, 1913
Pleuromamma gracilis Sars, 1925
Pleuromamma gracilis Farran, 1929
Pleuromamma gracile (Claus, 1863)
Pleuromamma gracilis maxima Steuer, 1932
Pleuromamma gracilis minima Steuer, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Demersal
Predator:  Bony fishes (Diogenichthys atlanticus, Lampanyctus steinbecki, Triphoturus nigrescens, Bregmaceros japonicus, Sardina pilchardus, Benthosema suborbitale, Bolinichthys longipes, Ceratoscopelus warmingii, Diaphus perspicillatus, Diaphus schmidti, Diaphus theta, Stenobrachius leucopsarus, Diaphus fragilis, Lampanyctus nobilis, Notolychnus valdiviae)

Biogeography


• Goa INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala, Off Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 76.92) INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 7.35) (Long: 85.12) INDIA (Record: 21/10/1911)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar, Nankauri Harbour INDIA (Record: 1910-1925) (Depth: 18.288 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Barren Island INDIA (Record: 04/2006)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi (Lat: 10) (Long: 68.05) INDIA (Record: 14/11/1983-17/11/1983)
• Kerala, Off Kochi (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 73.11) INDIA (Record: 14/11/1983-17/11/1983)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Madhupratap, M and Haridas, P (1986) Epipelagic calanoid copepods of the Northern Indian Ocean Copepod 105-117 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Padmavati, G and Goswami, SC (1996) Zooplankton distribution in neuston and water column along west coast of India from Goa to Gujarat Indian journal of Marine Sciences 25 85-90 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Saraswathy, M (1966) Pelagic Copepods from the inshore waters Off Trivandrum Coast Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 74-106 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sazhinar, LI (2006) Breeding, Growth Rates, and Production of Marine Copepods Hyderguda Universities Press, Hyderabad 1-147 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sewell, RBS (1999) The copepoda of Indian seas Biotech Books, Delhi, India 407 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Copepods from the Bay of Villefranche Available at - http://www.obs-vlfr.fr/~gaspari/copepods_guide/index.html
  • Pillai, HUK; Jayaraj, KA; Rafeeq, M; Jayalakshmi, KJ and Revichandran, C Mesozooplankton distribution near an active volcanic island in the Andaman Sea (Barren Island) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1579-0
  • Fernandes, V (2008) The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Research Sears Foundation for Marine Research 66 465–488 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Padmavati, G; Haridas, P; Nair, KKC; Gopalakrishnan, TC; Shiney, P and Madhupratap, M (1998) Vertical distribution of mesozooplankton in the central and eastern Arabian Sea during the winter monsoons Journal of Plankton Research Cambridge University Press 20 343-354 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1869
  • Madhupratap, M and Haridas, P (1990) Zooplankton, especially calanoid copepods, in the upper 1000m of the south-east Arabian Sea Journal of Plankton Research Oxford University Press 12 305-321 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2432
  • Goswami, SC and Srivastava, Y (1996) Zooplankton standing stock, community structure and diversity in the northern Arabian Sea Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 127-137p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2147

Page last updated on:2011-03-16

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