Calocalanus pavo   (Dana,  1852) (Copepod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Maxillopoda
Order:Calanoida
Family:Calocalanidae

Image copyrights: CNRS, UPMC

Female: 1, habitus (dorsal); 2, distal segments of antenna 1; 3, 5th swimming leg.

Male: 4, habitus (dorsal); 5, posterior part cephalothorax and urosome (dorsal); 6, distal segments of antenna 1; 7, 5th swimming leg.

Description
Size: Length: female 0.85-1.40 mm; male 1.04-1.18 mm.

Female: Small quite transparent species. Prosome stout, 3 times as long as wide. Cephalosome and first pedigerous segment fused. Urosome 2-segmented, genital segment onion-shaped, furca symmetrical, elongate and typically divergent, arranged almost at right angles to the urosome. Terminal segment with 5 plumose setae and 1 spine on the outer distal border and 2 rows of tiny spinules.
Male: Body quite different from the female, but can also have plumose and furca. Cephalosome and first pedigerous segment are more or less separate, posterior metasome extending laterally into almost square corners. Urosome 5-segmented, furca longer than wide, not divergent. Right leg does not extend as far as the distal border of the second segment of the left leg.


Synonym (s)
Calocalanus pavo (Dana, 1852)
(Senior synonym)
Calocalanus pavo A. Scott, 1909
Calocalanus pavo Sharpe, 1911
Calocalanus pavo Wolfenden, 1911
Calocalanus pavo T. Scott, 1912
Calocalanus pavo Sewell, 1912
Calocalanus pavo Sewell, 1914
Calocalanus pavo Fruchtl, 1920
Calocalanus pavo Fruchtl, 1924
Calocalanus pavo Farran, 1929
Calanus pavo Dana, 1852

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Barren Island INDIA (Record: 04/2006)
• INDIA (Record: 1910-1925)
• Kerala, Off Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Off Goa INDIA (Depth: 50-150 mts)
• Off Gujarat INDIA (Depth: 50-150 mts)
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 20.84) (Long: 68.83) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 22.50) (Long: 70.33) INDIA
• Goa, Off Aguada INDIA (Depth: 25 mts)
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA (Record: 17/06/1987-10/07/1987)
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 20/04/1985-04/05/1985)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 20/04/1985-04/05/1985)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Madhupratap, M and Haridas, P (1986) Epipelagic calanoid copepods of the Northern Indian Ocean Copepod 105-117 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Smith, SL and Madhupratap, M (2005) Mesozooplankton of the Arabian Sea: Patterns influenced by seasons, upwelling, and oxygen concentrations Progress in Oceanography 65 214-239 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sewell, RBS (1999) The copepoda of Indian seas Biotech Books, Delhi, India 407 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Razouls, C; Bovee, F; Kouwenberg, J and Desreumaux, N Diversity and geographic distribution of marine planktonic copepods Available at - http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en/index.php
  • Saraswathy, M (1966) Pelagic Copepods from the inshore waters Off Trivandrum Coast Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 74-106 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, K (1965) Seasonal variation in the plankton of Porto Novo waters (India) Hydrobiologia Springer 29(1-2) 226-238 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n81g3x442qg28ljn/fulltext.pdf
  • Pillai, HUK; Jayaraj, KA; Rafeeq, M; Jayalakshmi, KJ and Revichandran, C Mesozooplankton distribution near an active volcanic island in the Andaman Sea (Barren Island) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1579-0
  • Fernandes, V (2008) The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Research Sears Foundation for Marine Research 66 465–488 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Padmavati, G and Goswami, SC (1996) Zoolankton distribution in neuston and water column along west coast of India from Goa to Gujarat Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 25 85-90 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2169
  • Patel, MI (1975) Pelagic copepods from the inshore waters off Saurashtra Coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 17(3) 658-663 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Goswami, SC and Padmavati, G (1996) Zooplankton production, composition and diversity in the coastal waters of Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 25 91-97 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2133
  • Padmavati, G; Haridas, P; Nair, KKC; Gopalakrishnan, TC; Shiney, P and Madhupratap, M (1998) Vertical distribution of mesozooplankton in the central and eastern Arabian Sea during the winter monsoons Journal of Plankton Research Cambridge University Press 20 343-354 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1869
  • Madhupratap, M; Haridas, P; Ramaiah, N and Achuthankutty, CT (1992) Zooplankton of the southwest coast of India: abundance, composition, temporal and spatial variability in 1987 Oceanography of the Indian Ocean Oxford and IBH, New Delhi 99-112 p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2959
  • Ganapati, PN and Shanthakumari, K (1961) The systematics and distribution of planktonic copepods in the Lawson's bay, Waltair Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 3(1&2) 6-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jitlang, I; Pattarajinda, S; Mishra, R and Wongrat, L (2007) Composition, Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the Bay of Bengal The Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal 65-92 Available at - http://map.seafdec.org/downloads/BIMSTEC/010-Zooplankton-Issaporn.pdf
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Nair, SRS; Haridas, P and Madhupratap, M (1989) Zooplankton composition of the Kalpeni and Agatti atolls, Lakshadweep archipelago Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 151-154 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-24

Back to Search